• April 16, 2018 /  Architecture
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    Agra, which is located on the banks of the holy Yamuna River in the state of Uttar Pradesh, is world-famous for the majestic Taj Mahal. The city served as a prominent seat of the Mughal Empire for a long period and was the capital of Hindustan during that time. It lies at a distance of about 200 km from the national capital – New Delhi and easily accessible by road, rail and air transport from different parts of the country. The city has an extreme climate in winters and summers, with moderate temperatures in the rest seasons. October to March is considered as the ideal time to visit this historical city. If you wish to witness the grandeur of Taj Mahal and other prominent attractions of this place, such as Agra Fort, Jama Masjid, Moti Masjid, Fatehpur Sikri and Guru Ka Tal, then go for an Agra tour that can be availed from various travel agencies and travel portals.

    Guru Ka Tal – History and Architecture

    Originally, this reservoir was constructed in the year 1610, during the reign of Emperor Jahangir beside the tomb of Itibar Khan Khwajasara, to collect and preserve rainwater. The walls and embankments of this water reservoir have been made of rubble masonry and brick. It has a square design, with a long and wide ramp paved with stone slabs (khurra) and upright bricks, and stepped ghat. The walls of this structure feature four double-storied towers having an octagonal design. The top storey of these towers boasts of Mughal architecture, with an octagonal spire with brackets and pillars. The material that was used for constructing the ghat was red sandstone while the spire had been decorated with dazzling tiles. Constructed on a four feet high platform, this reservoir features four chhatris on its four corners with 16 pillars, with carved brackets and capitals. The corner domes of this place have a spherical design while the one on the sides have an oblong design.

    At the time it was built, this reservoir had 12 towers, but today only eight can be seen. It had effective inlets of northern and western parts of the tank; a canal used for channelling excessive water in to the river and a dam on its south-eastern side. The water collected in this reservoir was used during dry seasons for irrigation. The terrace on the top floor is accessible through a wide red sandstone stairway, located on the southern side.

    If you wish to witness Taj Mahal and other important attractions of Agra, then choose for those tour packages that include trips to all these important places. As this city offers a lot of see and to do, it gives the ideal opportunity to experience the best of India holidays.

  • April 7, 2018 /  Architecture
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    These days, organizations are growing rapidly with outstanding performance and productivity. Data is also increasing along with this business improvement. This data includes; finance details, human resource details, requirement and project details and many more. Applications, hardware resources, software programs, operating systems and many more are also considered important information. It is important for every organization to store and maintain this crucial data for longer years. Data storage is the main problem for all IT organizations, as it takes much storage space to save and maintain the data in a device. Usually, servers are used as the main storage devices to maintain the information for future references. But, these servers have the limited capacity and cannot afford large amount of information. Due to this, IT organizations have developed several technologies and applications to enhance the storage efficiency in business enterprises. Cloud technology is one, which provides computing service through internet. Cloud computing is the latest service provided for all industries to enhance their business performance with various services like infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS) and software as a service (SaaS). All these services can help the organizations to get several business solutions. SaaS architecture is the one that provides storage services for the enterprises. It is defined as a deployed software as a service program with a business IT structure and set up. In this architecture service, SaaS also described as storage as a service as it helps the organizations in maintain the important information for further references. Inefficient software programs linking can lead to less efficiency of growth and greater loss of cost; hence, SaaS architecture is important for many business industries. It can provide best profits with great customer service and remote access for various applications and tools to enhancing the business more effectively. It can save the operational costs by reducing the other physical resources as it can save the data in their internet databases. It is more effective to perform IT operations and specialized services to help the enterprises in several aspects to increase the profit margins. It also enables web services to provide various solutions through online using network connections. SaaS is cost effective solution as it is provided by the third party vendors or it can also be paid according to the usage. Hence, most of the small organizations are planning to implement these architectures to enhance their business performances and productivity.

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    For more information on SaaS architecture

  • March 31, 2018 /  Architecture
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    The term Victorian architecture refers to a number of styles of architecture, which was primarily used during the Victorian period. These architectural styles were quite popular during the period of mid 1837 to the beginning of 1901. This period marked the rule of Queen Victoria and was named after her.

    The Victorian era of architecture, was marked by a number of styles, such as Renaissance Revival, Neo-Grec, British Arts and Crafts movement, Italianate, Gothic Revival, Jacobethan, Neoclassicism, Industrial architecture, Painted ladies, Queen Anne, Stick-Eastlake, Romanesque Revival, as well as Second Empire.

    There have also been Folk as well as Shingle Style Victorian Houses. As it is, the names of the architectural styles, apart from their adaptations had varied between the countries. Several homes merged the elements of various styles and therefore are not easily discernible as one particular style. In the United States, highly decorated houses have often been addressed to as gingerbread houses.

    Some of the most prominent Victorian era cities include Richmond, London, Toronto, Boston, St. Louis, Louisville, Saint Paul, Galena, Nelson, Sydney, Melbourne, IL, Galveston, Chicago, Detroit, San Francisco, Glasgow, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pittsburgh, Manchester, Philadelphia, Grand Rapids, as well as New Orleans.

    In the United States, the South End of the city of Boston has been recognized as the oldest, as well as the largest Victorian neighborhood of the country. Old Louisville in Kentucky is also believed to be one of the largest Victorian neighborhood of America.

    Apart from that, Richmond, Virginia is also home to a number of large Victorian neighborhoods, with the Fan and Church Hill, being the most prominent. Church Hill enjoys the distinction of being a place where Patrick Henry had given his famous speech at the historic Saint John’s church.

    The Distillery District of Toronto is home to the largest as well as the best preserved collection of industrial architecture of the Victorian-era in North America. Apart from that, Cabbage town has been the largest as well as the most continuous Victorian style residential area of North America. The other Victorian neighborhoods of Toronto include Annex, Corktown, Park dale, as well as Rosedale.

    The Old West End neighborhood in Toledo, Ohio has been recognized as the one having the biggest collection of the late Victorian as well as Edwardian architectural homes of the United States. Carroll Avenue of Los Angeles contains the city’s highest concentration of homes of Victorian style.

    There is something really fascinating about the Victorian era and almost everything related to this period, continues to fascinate us to this date, especially Victorian architecture.

  • March 26, 2018 /  Architecture
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    The Cisco IP Next-Generation Network (IP NGN) Structure Skills shows knowledge the IP NGN architecture, from revenue to support. The Innovative IP Next-Generation Network Structure Skills is not currently required for qualifications, but is optionally available for Gold and Leading qualified associates. We are also flying the addition of this specialization as an option for Gold Certification.

    Is your organization interested in taking full advantage of the Cisco Innovative IP NGN Structure Skills for Gold Certification? If so, deliver an email that contains your associate organization name and a member of the program staff will contact you with more details.
    Cisco IP NGN Structure Skills helps your company:

    Develop revenue, specialized and service abilities for incorporated social media solutions

    Increase specialized proficiency internally

    Gain identification as a specialized associate in the Cisco Partner Locator

    Explore IP NGN resources
    This specialization also allows you to a range of additional benefits. You can:

    Participate in Cisco route motivation programs

    Receive invites to Cisco subsidized associate activities

    Access Partner Knowledge Connection

    Use My Cisco to customize web content and get details quickly

    Send an argument stating your accomplishment

    Visit the Cisco Design Area for examined styles and configurations
    Exam 650-756

    Examination 650-756 includes 60 concerns and time permitted to finish this exam is 60 moments or 1 time. This exam is available in British terminology. Candidates can sign-up for this exam at any Pearson VUE middle.

    The 650-756 Innovative IP Next-Generation Network (NGN) Structure Area Professional (PANGNFE) examinations will determine a learner’s understanding of the Cisco IP NGN architecture and capability to map specialized alternatives to company needs. You will also need to show a knowing of the different foundations of the Cisco IP NGN architecture. This exam is a need of the Innovative IP NGN Structure Expertise for Area Technical engineers. Quality will determine a learner’s capability to provide an obvious and powerful concept around the functions, functions and advantages of the Cisco IP NGN architecture in business-focused conditions. It will also analyze a learner’s capability to evaluate typical problems throughout a company that Cisco IP NGN architecture can help fix and efficiency in introducing company influencers for Cisco IP NGN architecture programs.
    650-754 Exam Topics

    The following subjects are typical recommendations for the articles likely to be involved on the examination. However, other relevant subjects may also appear on any particular distribution of the examination. To be able to better indicate the 650-754 material of the examination and for quality requirements, the recommendations below may modify whenever without observe. They include:

    Describe Cisco IP NGN conditions and advantages
    Describe Cisco IP NGN alternatives and how to arrange them with client needs
    Describe typical client objections
    Describe the aggressive surroundings and how to place Cisco IP NGN solutions
    Describe how to create and existing Cisco IP NGN alternatives as a company situation to the customer
    Describe the company and specialized advantages of the Cisco IP NGN architecture
    Describe the company individuals for Cisco IP NGN structure applications

  • March 18, 2018 /  Architecture
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    Information technology is growing swiftly across the globe with new industrial requirements. There are many organizations that are categorized under IT industry. These organizations are combating to enhance the business performance and productivity. There are many business streams in IT industry such as marketing, banking, software and hardware resource development, IT services, management services and many more. These days, most of the organizations are implementing several business management services to enhance the organizational competency and performance. Enterprise architecture (EA) is one of them that help the organizations to increase the business. It is simply defined as the process of converting business methods and vision into an effective way by improving and communicating the models, key requirements, and principles of the existing business.

    EA helps the business enterprises to understand the products and platform, strength and weakness and can also resolve several industrial issues. It can improve the business efficiency by delivering faster services. It can develop a relationship with business executives by translating the industrial needs and insights into strategies. These days, business is growing with raising requirements and requires some management services to control the business. It can also describe the organizational evolution by enhancing the business models and principles.

    IT organizations are offering several openings for enterprise architecture jobs to enhance the business relationship between the clients and customers and to increase the growth. It has associated with the external environment including business processes and information technologies. The individuals, who work in this platform, are designated as enterprise architects. These architects support the organization by handling several business challenges and implementing the solutions to enhance the performance.

    There are many frameworks in EA such as IAF, DoDAF, TOGAF, EAF and many more to provide multiple benefits to augment the organizational productivity. It is the main platform to connect entire business units in the industry. It is considered the best business factor due to its trends such as focus on diversification, breakdown of industry barriers, growing data density, prominence between growth and performance, rate of product innovation, personalized goods and services and many more to maintain the industrial standards. It is not only important in IT industry, but also in other industries such as banking, government sector, healthcare, telecommunications and many other sectors.

    Get more information on: Enterprise Architecture Jobs & IT Service Desk Jobs

  • March 16, 2018 /  Architecture
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    Interior architecture can be seen as different from architecture in that the interior rooms, halls, doorways + stairs can be re designed once the initial design for the architecture of the building as a whole is in place. Interior architecture can be used to completely re design, for example a room such as a kitchen, bathroom in a family home which is quite common or a meeting room or office layout in a business environment or modify the existing design based on original architecture.

    The interior architecture of a building can be changed for many reasons, either practical, where the interior of a building is going to be used for a new purpose or due to changing fashions or updated technologies. Examples of this are very common in many towns and cities where the exterior of a building is in a style of when it was built, say in the late 19th century but it’s interior has been completely re vamped incorporating modern design fashions and the latest technology.

    The use of interior architecture means that for many buildings over a hundred years old the development of the look and design of their interior and exterior could often be the work of many different architects or teams of architects. This has meant for many of our towns and cities the architecture on view can be widely varied and reflect many different periods of time, design fashions and architecture styles. Some of which can be seen as timeless whilst others from certain eras can be seen as garish and bad taste 20 – 30 years down the line.

    However no matter what a buildings exterior may look like with the help of interior architects, refurbishment and fit out specialists the interior look and feel of many buildings can be totally transformed with enough time and money bringing them up to date, that is until the latest style, fashion and technologies need integrating a few years down the line.

    The main thing to differentiate architecture + interior architecture is that an architect is concerned with the concept of designing a new building the interior architect is concerned with the modification of existing buildings, some of which the design can be seen as timeless and look good for centuries whilst other will be an eye saw and look dated within 10 – 30 years.

    This is quite a large and interesting topic, for further reading would advise looking at books + articles, online, in bookshops, news agents or in libraries on architecture, design + interior design.
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  • March 12, 2018 /  Architecture
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    cademic architecture essay writing tasks would usually be performed by university students taking up undergraduate courses in architecture, architectural engineering, building services engineering, architectural technology, building design, other courses related to architecture and building design. The selection of engaging and good topics would be the first that the students would do if they were given the option of choosing their own topics for their architecture essays. If the students are having some difficulties in selecting particular topics for their architecture essays, an easy source where they could find good topics would be the general discussion of the discipline of architecture.

    The general discussion of the discipline of architecture is arranged into several main headings with sub-headings under each main heading, and for the most part, each sub-heading would usually have smaller topics that are confined to a specific area of discussion. The student could either select a topic from the main heading or choose the specific areas of discussions that are under each sub-heading that would become the specific topic for his architecture essay.

    Under the general discussion of architecture, the main headings and their respective sub-headings are: theory of architecture that includes historic written works on architecture and modern architectural concepts; history of architecture that includes ancient architecture, Asian architecture, Islamic architecture, Medieval architecture, Renaissance architecture, early modern and industrial age architectures, and contemporary architecture. In addition, some of the sub-headings are broken down into smaller areas from which he could select a specific topic.

    A student performing regular or constant writing of architecture essays as part of his course requirements should take note that the essay structure of an architecture essay is similar to the basic structure of other academic essays, which consists of sections of the introduction, body and conclusion. Consequently, the student should follow the basic rules or steps in essay structuring that he studied and learned from the other essay writing tasks that he performed from his other academic subjects. The specific content in section of the essay on architecture would naturally be different compared to the specific content of other essays. But the style of writing the content for each section would be the same regardless of the specific subject area under the essay.

    The university and college students who would research and write architecture essay should take note that some of the possible topics they would select for their architecture essays could also be applicable and relevant to use for their other academic essay writing tasks. For example, many of those students especially during their first year of studies could perform history essay writing tasks. Therefore, an example of history essays about the architecture related topics could include the architectural history, history of various architectural styles, architectural mythology, and the specific histories of the architectural styles of different civilisations.

  • February 22, 2018 /  Architecture
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    Iranian architecture displays a class and elegance that cannot be matched with any other style of architecture and design. It is quite distinct from that of Muslim countries. The major features of Iranian architecture are: structural ingenuity basically in vault and dome construction; a skill of decoration with freedom and intricacy incomparable to any other form of architecture.

    The pre-Islamic buildings include the remarkable Elamite ziggurat at Chogha Zanbil. Baked brick was used for outer surfaces by the 12th century BC. Most of the greatest buildings were built with a religious purpose, and even in secular buildings religious influences are entirely absent. Palaces were present, and their shapes, sizes and colors varied according to the ruling dynasty.

    The first great development of ancient Persian architecture took place under the Achaemenid dynasty during the Persian Empire, from about 550 to 330 BC. There are numerous remains of Achaemenian period, including two palaces, a sacred precinct, a citadel, a tower, and the tomb of Cyrus.

    Royal architecture under the Achaemenid also included tombs cut in solid rock, of which the best-known examples are those at Naqshah Rostam near Persepolis. Little is known of the popular building practices of the period, but archaeologists believe that the ordinary dwelling was made of mud brick. After the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great, Greek influence, in its late, Hellenistic phase, was predominant in the arts of Persia. Examples include fragments of bronze sculpture found at Shami, and the Parthian sculptural reliefs at Behistun.

    During the Islamic period “mosques” became the major buildings in Iranian architecture. Outstanding examples of early Islamic Iranian architecture include the Mosque of Baghdad built in 764, the Great Mosque at Samarra erected in 847, and the early 10th-century mosque at Nayin.

    After the 17th century, Iranian artists copied European paintings and engravings, and the native traditions declined. But Iranian architecture still managed to leave a huge impact on the world.

  • February 16, 2018 /  Architecture
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    Meal cult is an important part of countrys culture. Food and drink are the main necessities for sustaining life, and Taiwan cuisine takes a special place among the great cuisines of the world. Taiwan has a broad variety of dishes because of great ethnic diversity. The diversity of cuisines contains 8 principle types: Hoklo (or Taiwanese), Hakka, vegetarian cuisine, northern style cuisine, Hunan, Jiangzhe, Hong Kong, and Sichuan. Seafood is used in all these cuisines as a culinary culture of Taiwan that is simple and light.

    In Taiwan people prefer to drink tea or coffee with some sandwiches for breakfast. They like fruits and sweets which are laid in a big plate on the table. For example, when the time for lunch comes, people eat salty dishes such as steamed and chopped chicken, steamed streaky pork with dry mustard cabbage, or dried mustard greens. Besides, they like rice with boiled eggs or fried potatoes with meat or fish. In Taiwan people have hundreds of receipts of dishes with rice and fish. Traditionally, Chinese dinner is laid at the round table in the center of which there is a flat circle on a revolving stand. It is necessary to point out that meals are served on big plates and are put in required amount on small plates by a person. At first cold snack is served, then time comes for hot dishes and only after these dishes the so called principle dishes are served.

    In Taiwan people like to eat dishes with rice, meat and fish. In the end of dinner a soup or a broth is served. There is no dessert fruits and sweets are on the table during all the dinner and they are very often used in the principle dish (Bates 2005). Consequently, Taiwan cuisine represents one face by which a country is famous for. Traditional breakfast, lunch, and dinner in Taiwan are similar to breakfast, lunch, and dinner in Europe; however, there are some details you should know about Taiwan cuisine.

    Taiwanese architecture is composed of variety of styles. The old traditional architectural model of houses in Taiwan still exists here. However, traditional architectural features of Taiwanese style become unimportant when entertaining and commercial institutions, such as shops and theaters, are built. We should emphasize that modern Taiwanese architecture unites traditional Taiwanese and European architecture styles. There appear buildings in European style, such as buildings of foreign consulates, foreign concessions, banks, hotels and clubs in big cities.

  • February 15, 2018 /  Architecture
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    By Team IAnD Photography: Courtesy WAF’13

    October 2 -4 2013 saw three busy days of ideation, discussion and critiques on global architecture and design at the World Architecture Festival held at Moshe Safdie designed Marina Bay Sands, Singapore – a venue as awe inspiring as the projects that unfolded within its festive panorama-

    The World Architecture Festival opened to enormous numbers (reportedly the biggest yet) with the theme of 2013 bring -Value and values’, -to examine the relationship between perceptions of financial value and the values that architects typically hold about their work.-

    Director of WAF’13, Paul Finch commenting on the sheer quality and diversity of the projects entered into the festival, and shortlisted for the final round of awards, said that the array of projects demonstrated the increasingly global nature of the event.

    Among various stalwarts from various quarters of the world, Mumbai’s Ar. Sanjay Puri’s corporate project in Jaipur -72 Screens’, was also shortlisted for the awards.

    A vibrant, thought-provoking three-day session of presentations of various projects by the architects, seminars and talks on diverse issues that touch and plague the building industry were discussed and debated. Noted international speakers, project critiques and appreciations apart, everyone waited with baited breath as the ultimate honour – the winner of the World Building of the Year 2013 award was announced and granted to the Aukland Art Gallery Toi o Tamaki in New Zealand by Frances-Jones Morehen Thorp and Archimedia.

    The four main award winners including World Building of the Year Award were Botanical Garden Australia designed by landscape studio Taylor Cullity Lethlean and plant expert Paul Thompson for Landscape of the Year; National Maritime Museum of China designed by Cox Rayner Architects for Future Project of the Year; and Barcelona Apartment by David Kohn Architects for World Interior of the Year.

    As part of INSIDE: World Festival of Interiors, an event held in conjunction with the WAF’13 with a concentration on interior projects, shortlisted 59 outstanding interior projects across the 12 award categories, Bars and Restaurants, Creative Re-use, Culture, Display, Education, Health, Hotels, Offices, Residential, Shopping Centres, Shops, and Transport. For the complete list of awardees, do check out:

    to view images click on globalhop.indiaartndesign.com